As a citizen of the United States of America, the author
of An Eight Part Peace Proposal for Greater Jerusalem notes with pride that the source
of his idea for the territorial arrangements contained in Parts II, IV, V, and VI is the Constitution
of the United States. Article IV, Section 3, reads in part:
"New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall
be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States,
or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress."
Though the Constitution of the United States certainly does not apply directly to other nations, this dynamic document
has nevertheless influenced the minds of people in every corner of the earth and, with the Almighty's help, will continue
to do so. And although no union exists between Israel and its proximate Arab neighbors, which is a state of affairs
quite different from the one in which the framers of the Constitution of the United States indited their formula for new combinations
of states, the urgent need for peace may nevertheless spur the people of these troubled nations to test a truly democratic
idea that is rather old -- yet never used -- in the annals of American history but quite new and revolutionary in the context
of world history.
idea or formula, which offers both a legal precedent and a model for conflict resolution among states by means of territorial
adjustment, could very well serve as the basis whereby an international convention will establish rules expressly recognized
by all the parties to the Iranian/Arab-Israeli dispute.
Furthermore, a properly modified version of this formula for conflict resolution by means
of territorial adjustment would, as a new article in the Charter of the United Nations,
provide a specific rule and remedy for situations wherein the right of self determination of a people is in direct conflict
with the sovereign and territorial rights of a member state.
America's founding fathers based their formula for conflict resolution by means of territorial
adjustment on the principle of mutual agreement with state sovereignty as the paramount default position. That this
formula, enshrined in Article IV, Section iii of the Constitution of the United States,
has never been exercised is testament to its fidelity to the established order and applicability to rare and unusual circumstances
only. As a model formula for a political solution to the Iranian/Arab-Zionist dispute, and even for a new article in
the Charter of the United Nations for situations wherein the right of self-determination
rubs against a nation's sovereignty, this truly democratic idea deserves consideration without fear of a promiscuous breaking
up of nations and their sovereign rights. Words written in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania over 200 years ago can and should
be enlivened for a global context first as guarantor of sovereignty and second as creator of sovereignty by mutual agreement
only, and with power greater than all the armies of the world and the utter destruction that their modern technologies of
warfare can cause. This is the basis of An Eight Part Peace Proposal for Greater Jerusalem,
which is anchored in the United Nations Security Council Resolution 242, a sure foundation for reasonable compromise.
Finally, yet another new article
in the Charter of the United Nations is recommended; such article would give mandatory
jurisdiction to the International Court of Justice of all disputes between states that are unable to settle them by negotiation
or any other peaceful mode of settlement.
proposed article on the mandatory jurisdiction of the ICJ, together with the aforementioned proposed article on conflict-resolution
by means of territorial adjustment, will greatly help the United Nations meet the challenges of the twenty-first century.
©Stephen M. St. John 2007, 2010, 2011
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